Where Is Lilith Mentioned?



Question: Where is Lilith mentioned in the Bible?

 Answer: Isaiah 34:14 “the lilith also shall settle there, and find for herself a place of rest.” (DBT)

Various versions of the Bible and Bible commentaries have differing ways of translating “Lilith”. A couple of versions translate "Lilith" as it is in Hebrew: “Lilith”, others go for “night monster” or “screech owl” or “she demon”. 

There is no doubt that Bible translators and commentaries struggle to find the correct meaning for Lilith. Ellicott’s commentary remarks on the King James Version's translation of "Lilith" as "screech owl" thus: “while the 'screech-owl' is the Lilith, the she-vampire, who appears in the legends of the Talmud as having been Adam’s first wife.

Isaiah 34:14 is the only place in the Bible where the word Lilith is used.

CSLewis’s children’s book The Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe—the well known Christian allegorical book from The Chronicles of Narnia—refers to the Witch descending from Lilith, who was regarded to be Adam’s first wife.

There are lessons for us to learn regarding Lilith.

The man Adam (in Genesis chapter 2) didn’t have a first wife, of course, but if “man in general” who is called "Adam" in Genesis chapter 1 has a history before the man Adam then it’s easier to see how these stories came to be.

The theory that humans have occupied planet earth long before Adam (in the garden - Genesis chapter 2) came along is not new, although we now have the science to inform us that some of the earliest cities like Jericho have been occupied since 7000 BC, and before that, many years before that, men have roamed the earth following God’s commission for us to "fill the earth" (Gen 1:28). But even before we had the science to show us that man has been on earth for such a long time, theologians have discussed it, and books have been written. (Throughout the centuries some of the ideas were seized upon for racial propaganda purposes, which of course, is not what the Bible teaches. We all came from the dust of the ground, the message of scripture is that God is no respecter of persons, we are all equal in his sight – “Peter began to speak: ‘I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism but accepts from every nation the one who fears him and does what is right’” Acts 10:34).

Isaiah mentions Lilith and the Jewish Talmud goes into a little more explanation of how she ought to be regarded. Legend has also played a part explaining that Lilith was made from earth like Adam, (Genesis chapter 1) not from Adam’s rib like Eve (Genesis chapter 2).

Paul