Question: Brian asked about Jesus believing that Adam and Eve were the first people because Jesus said in Mark 10:6-7 “from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife.” Jesus also said in Matt 19:4-5 “Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?”
Answer: Jesus does not talk about Adam and Eve being the first people in these scriptures. Jesus first quotes from Genesis 1 “God made them male and female” which is referring to Genesis chapter 1 verse 27. “So God made mankind in his image… male and female.” This is the Palaeolithic age. The word “Adam” is plural in chapter 1 like “human” can be plural - I am human, we are human. Adam in Genesis chapter 1 is plural, and the men and women in Genesis chapter 1 loved each other and were told to be fruitful. They needed no command to be faithful because they had not yet fallen. Love held each couple together and families were raised.
But mankind fell: Ecclesiastes 7:29 tells us that “God created mankind upright, but they have gone in search of many schemes." And because humans went in search of many schemes Romans 1 informs us, three times, that God “gave them over” to depravity.
Adam (the man – singular) in Genesis chapter 2 (in the Neolithic age) started the process of Christ’s genetic line through whom mankind would be redeemed. Mankind had fallen and faithfulness was no longer a priority for human beings so God gave us a command. He made a woman from a man’s rib and took that opportunity to tell us that we should “cleave to our wives.” The seventh commandment reminds us of this command.
Jesus quotes first from Genesis 1 and then he reminds us of the command issued in Genesis 2. Jesus doesn’t actually mention Adam and Eve.